This Accelerative Universe
My paper is to explore the universe as an accelerative process. I am a novice in this study.
The Forming Parameters
With accelerative expansion, mass builds from primordial plasma. Spiral
galaxies form with initially low galactic recessions. (1, 2) As time and space
become fuller, gravitational strengths increase. Entropy also increases with
Primordial Spiral Galaxies
These early primordial galaxies could have both an incipient black hole and
an incipient accelerative force within such galaxies.
The forming spirals could represent an incipient acceleration. Such an incipient force could have contributed to the accelerative expansion of matter.
As follows from first accelerative expansions, the later increasing gravitational
forces in maturing galaxies could lead to a leveling off, an apogee, of
galactic recessional velocities.
As viewed from earth this leveling could appear as “straight line”
acceleration from the primordial accelerative zero. Yet, due to increasing
gravitation a dip could be in the overall rate of galactic recessions. As
follows from early accelerative expansions, increasing gravitational forces in
maturing galaxies could lead to a leveling off, an apogee, of galactic
recessional velocities before an accelerative descent into extinguishment
This last galactic stage could be as a terminal accelerating, a falling
into extinguishment. Such singularities would have no visibility, except the
galaxies approaching an in-falling boundary. (3)
Gravitational forces when “unsupported” by the collapsing parameters
would also collapse.
The microwave background radiation together with remaining dark energy and
dark matter and surrounding space would also collapse, in “extinguishment”.
Attempting to “escape” energy would be unable to surmount an outer extinguishment horizon. Such energy would fall again and again into extinguishment. With no outside universe to return to hawkins energy would likewise fall back into “extinguishment”. (Not so fast here Thompson – if extinguishment would be the “way forward” to renewal).
Thus in satisfying Olbers’ paradox, energy would not be retained in the
formed universe. The night sky would retain its darkness.
The extinguishment of the formed parameters could be as an entropic
reduction including entropy reducing “itself” into extinguishment.
When mass and associated parameters would no longer be within reach, an extinguishment singularity could continue collapsing, likely leaving voids behind with little matter.
With the collapse of space and time, extinguishment singularities could be
as “back to back” with the white hole primordial singularity.
Primordial white hole plasma could be as quantum packets of energy come into existence from prior galactic and black holes extinguishments (as also representing prior “universes”.
In renewal The First Law of Thermodynamics would support primordial plasma
as of highest quality for renewal of mass, space, time, and gravitation.
With the succeeding building of form and structure, entropy would increase
and become the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
An Accelerative Interpretation
In accelerative process galactic matter could originally be from innumerable
“quantum jumps” of individual packets of energy, as instantaneous, to the
subatomic primordial white hole plasma.
This instantaneous release of plasma energy, in the timelessness of the
primordial singularity, could always be taking place. Hence the matter in the
individual galaxies could have yet come from an instantaneous beginning.
However, in an accelerative process description primordial galaxies could
always be forming from the primordial singularity.
The timelessness of the primordial singularity could then be accounting for
immense amounts of energy and mass as new primordial galaxies could always be forming from the primordial singularity.
To an earth observer the primordial singularity and the cosmic microwave background radiation could be from as from a “one time event. Yet in an accelerative process description that “onetime event” could be taking place today, now well over “the event” horizon from earth.
Completion Descriptions and Accelerative Process
An observer’s measure of “the age” of the universe and of the microwave
background radiation would also be completion measures. These measures would be from a completed frame of reference as underlain by accelerative processes.
Newton’s physics and Einstein’s highly accurate predictions would also be
completion measures of the underlying accelerative process.
An observer measures would set a completion of the universe to that point in
time and space of an observer’s frame of reference. Hence in accelerative
processes measurements and measure of the age of the universe are left without change, as completion measures.
An accelerative process description would allow, though, “flexibility” over time and space in the parameters of the universe.
The formation and evolution of galaxies could have had both a slower and a
more rapidly forming past. A cosmological constant could be necessary with an
accelerative description filling the gap of completion descriptions.
The Black Hole Information Paradox (4)
The enigma of the cooler spot (5) of the cosmic background radiation may be transferring some information such as the absolute cold (without motion) of extinguishment singularities.
In addition, the non physical, as non physical mathematics, would not be subject to physical extinguishment.
Aristotle’s teacher, Plato, saw forms as immaterial and unchangeable. Hence Plato’s forms could be as “a shadow”, as a non-reducible template for the universe. In the end, there may be no information lost.
References and Notes
Source is Simons Foundation, April 25, 2018, referencing closely spaced, primordial appearing galaxies with weak appearing gravitational fields.
(2) “David Koo …we see about 25,000 of these blue galaxies in a spot of sky
as big as the full moon.”, Charles Petit, the San Francisco Chronicle, June 23,
1989. Yet there seems no follow thru to these primordial galaxies which would have weak gravitation.
Could this be because there is not a process oriented model which could include
these highly redshifted to blue wave lengths, weak gravitation, and the subsequent galactic evolution?
(3) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Attractor . Could “The Great Attractor” be an extinguishment singularity with no visibility
except countless galaxies falling, accelerating, toward an unknown “object”?
(5) https://physicsworld.com/a/the-enduring-enigma-of-the-cosmic-cold-spot/ “The enduring enigma of the cosmic cold spot”, from the February 2020 Physics World, Syed Faisal ur Rahman
A. In going back to Aristotle’s first motion(s), subsequent motions would begin from first motion(s) as the zero accelerative reference of accelerative processes.
B. I am not a philosopher. Yet it would seem that both Plato’s forms and Aristotle’s immoveable mover and first motion(s) would be pertinent to a study of the universe as an accelerative process.
C. In accelerative process, as also underlying life processes, my sense is
humanity gives a completion to the universe which would not otherwise be
possible. This completion could be shared with “who would hold the whole”.
D. Hubble’s Universe, T. Dickinson, Firefly Books, 4th printing Nov. 2021
“Hubble Legacy” J. Bell, forward by J. Gunsfeld, Sterling Publishing Co. New York, NY, 2020. I feel these Hubble photographs show a need for a process oriented cosmology.
E. The universe could have an universal “now” as galaxies exist “today” (or would not exist).
F. As a science fiction speculation, it might be possible to “put” a quantum
signal into statelessness, “that” which could underlie mass, space, and time. Without time and space a quantum signal might traverse the universe without violating the velocity of the signal.
G. http://www.thisaccelerativeuniverse.com Dec. 7, 2021, lance[at]pon.net